Gravure printing is a type of intaglio printing, suitable for printing which requires very fine & detailed shades at high accuracy and quality.Excellent at high-speed printing, it is commonly applied for printing package which requires large volume per production.The word "gravure magazine" nowadays was actually coined in the past when these magazines used to be printed by gravure printing method.

To simply explain gravure printing mechanism:
  1. Ink enters the cavities called "Cell" on the printing cylinder surface.
  2. Doctor blade then scrapes off the excess ink, leaving only the ink within the cells.
  3. The paper or film material where printing requires is clamped between the printing cylinder and pressured roll, and is pressed so as the ink can be transferred from the c 3 ells onto the film (or paper).
  4. The film (or paper) then goes direclty under drying lamp, where the ink dries.
  5. Then it moves to the next color unit.

These processes are repeated for the number of times equal to the number of printing colors.

Mutiple colors produced by 4 main colors Blue/Red/Yellow/Black

Including gravure printing, color printing are commonly produce d by 4 color layers Cyan (Blue), Magenta (Red), Yellow, and Black.Theoretically, it can be done by "Three primary colors" Cyan (blue), Magenta (red), Yellow; however, due to the fact combining these 3colors only manages to produce something "Black-like", not complete "Black",black ink then is added making it 4-colors-print method.Taking the initial letter from these 4 colors forms the term "CMYK". The method of combining and mixing "CMYK " to reproduce various colors in print is called "Process printing".E.g. In process printing, most chromatic colors are reproduced by method in which the darkest color area is formed by applying 100% of 4solid color, while light color tone is recreated by tiny dots.

Special color ink to create sharp and vivid colors

Nevertheless, practically, there are colors that are hard to reproduce by "CMYK" or "P rocess printing".The spot color method has its limits in reproducing colors that are sharper than what 100% of 4 solid colors combination can achieve, and also for very light pastel shades.Furthermore, in "Process printing", colors might become dull due to multiple overlapping of the same degree of dark color spots, making it hard to achieve clear and bright colors. Especially, vivid colors like orange, green, purple or pastel pink, lavender are those considered difficult to reproduce.Metallic colors like gold, silver, etc. and flourescent colors also belong to this category .To produce these colors, "Special color ink", which is blended first by several color ink s to achieve the intended shade, is used.

High quality cylinder for high quality printing at high speed

In gravure process printing, the role of cylinder is inevitable.In making cylinder, the steel core is first cooper-plated. Then the printing pattern is engraved on the surface, which is later covered in thinly chrome-plated finish to enhance durability. These excellently durable cylinders endure the rapid, mass production of gravure printing.Regarding the engraving of cylinders, there are "engraving cylinder" in which the copper-plated surface are etched directly by engraving needle using machine to form c ells; and "Chemical corrosion cylinder" in which the cooper-plated surface is pre-treated with resist, and the cells are formed through chemical corrosion by a special chemic al solution.It is never an overstatement to say the "making of cylinder" mainly decides the result of gravure printing.

The installation of clean multiple-color printing machine

To meet the demand for industrial printing application, in 2016, Manno factory has installed clean multiple-color printing machine.
It enables production for high-end application products which r equire for high accuracy and high immaculacy.

Supporting soft film and thin film

We are known for our specialization in printing & coating thin, soft and stretching film.We have developed our own techniques in handling traditionally problematic substrate such as thin polyester film, super ultra-thin polyeste r film, etc. We are capable of printing full-color for 2μm thick polyester film.

Computer Color Matching (CCM)

In blending ink, we scan the desired color sample first, and use computer to calculate the best composition from the colors that have been p re-registered in our data.With the calculated composition, we produce sample ink in small quality first; and check the finished color by test-print.In this way, we manage to avoid the inconsistency in ink blending caused by operator's technique level and intuition. This shortens the time to reproduce the desired ink and reduces greatly ink wastage when the blending fails.Since the excess ink will event ually become industrial disposal waste; this process also helps to reduce th e waste to environment.